Scope 3 Emissions Assessment and Protocol Development

Client Organization: 
Ford Motor Company
Project Location : 
Dearborn, MI, USA
Summary of Project Idea: 

Goals & Objectives:

This project will establish:

  • Scope 3 emissions Strategy including process mapping for Global Ford Operations by June 2018
  • Follow-on Scope 3 submission d recommendations for continued long-term Scope 3 reduction strategy by May 2019
  • Expand  Environmental Strategy to include other Circular Economy criteria including but not limited to material selection, water utilization, waste management/minimization, manufacturing process selection with recommendations to incorporate Circular Economy mindset and prioritize workstreams by May 2019.

Theoretical Justification, Social Benefit, or Significance: 

In an effort to address Climate Change, we must all do our part to limit CO2 emissions.  Through the CDP Climate Change reporting, Ford documents our significant efforts to manage and reduce CO2 emissions for our direct operations (Scope 1 and 2).  It is commonly understood that Scope 3 emissions far exceed Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions so the potential opportunity to impact Climate Change is significant.  That being said, it is very challenging to thoroughly map the emissions sources to develop a glide path to Scope 3 emission reductions consistent with aligned objectives.  Implementation of the recommendations could have global effects from Scope 3 emission reductions.  Expanding project to include Circular Economy widens the Sustainability impact beyond emissions to encompass all aspects of the mobility is designed, implemented and recovered at end of life.

Specific Activities & Duration:

Benchmark Global Corporations that are recognized as leaders in Scope 3 reporting and Circular Economy activities.  Supplement Supplier data provided directly to Ford and separately to CDP in addition to utilizing vehicle volumes and in-use data to develop Global Scope 3 mapping.  Develop recommendations for long-term Scope 3 reductions glide path including regional and commodity specific workstreams.  Could include material or process substitution and logistics optimization.

Integrative Approach: 

Research requires knowledge of environmental reporting requirements, manufacturing and materials with the ability to turn the process map into a strategic plan to improve overall corporate CO2 reductions while balancing financial and social sustainability.

SEAS Program Areas: 
Environmental Policy and Planning
Environmental Informatics
Environmental Justice
Sustainable Systems
Role for each program area: 

Environmental Policy and Planning: Need to develop overall Strategy and Implementation plan that changes the way Ford views the impact of design, manufacturing and in-field vehicle operation impact Environmental Sustainability

Environmental Informatics: Develop systems to aggregate and analyze supplier data to establish strategies that support the reduction of Scope 3 emissions and overall vehicle environmental impact.

Environmental Justice: Establish rationale and analytics that validate the impact of Scope 3 and Circular Economy implementation at Ford Motor Company

Sustainable Systems: Mobility is a complex, interdisciplinary system that requires out of the box thinking to develop creative solutions to have short, medium and long-term impacts

Professional Career Development Benefits: 
  • Ford C-Suite level presentation at the conclusion of the program
  • Benchmarking and Landscaping
  • Scope 3 workstream mapping,analysis and strategy development
  • Interaction with NGOs (eg., CDP)
  • Understanding of Sustainability and Business Inter-relationships and balancing
  • Application of cross-industry implementation to the Automotive Industry
Funding Sources: 


Identify expected products/deliverables: 


  • Corporate Scope 3 competitive landscaping
  • Global Scope 3 reduction strategy glidepath recommendations with prioritization, estimated costs and timing
  • Circular Economy Strategy recommendations with prioritization


  • The recommendations will be used to implement Scope 3 reporting protocols within Ford and to develop a glidepath to positively influence Scope 3 emissions while taking into account Corporate Aspirational Sustainability goals.
Contact full name: 
Stephanie Janczak
Job title: 
Manager, Environmental Sustainability Strategy
State or Country: 
SEAS Faculty Advisor: 
Greg Keoleian
Contact Phone: 
Contact e-mail: 
Master Students Involved in Project: 
  • Akshat Kasliwal
  • Michael Kinzler
  • Laura Aguilar Esteva
Project Status: 
In Progress