Bradley J. Cardinale

Professor; Director, Cooperative Institute for Great Lakes Research (CIGLR)


PhD, University of Maryland (biology)
MS, Michigan State University (fisheries and wildlife)
BS, Arizona State University (biology)

(734) 764-9689


Professor Cardinale is an ecologist who uses mathematical models, novel experiments, observational studies and meta-analyses to examine how human activities impact biological diversity, and to predict how changes in biodiversity affect the goods and services ecosystems provide to humanity. His research, teaching, and professional service are all tied together by a common thread, which is to produce and distribute the knowledge needed to conserve and restore the variety of life on Earth.

Professor Cardinale teaches classes in Conservation Biology, Ecological Restoration, and Ecosystem Services. He has published more than 110 scientific papers and popular articles, and won numerous awards. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Ecological Society of America.  In 2014, Cardinale was named one of ‘The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds′ by Thomson Reuters, one of the main sources of impact factors used in the assessment of scientific articles and careers. 

  • 2017-22 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association. The Cooperative Institute for Great Lakes Research (CIGLR): A New Regional Research Institute. $20,000,000 (lead PI: B. Cardinale, co-PI’s: J. Arvai, D. Brown, J. Diana, T. Johengen, B. Kerkez, M. Lemos, R. Norton, J. Read).
  • 2016-18 University of Michigan Energy Institute. Beyond Carbon Neutral: Can biodiversity help increase C-capture and storage? $40,000 (sole PI: B. Cardinale).
  • 2013-17 U.S. National Science Foundation. EFRI-PSBR: Biodiversity & Biofuels: Finding win-win scenarios for conservation and energy production in the next century. $2,100,000 original + supplements (lead PI: B. Cardinale, co-PI's: P. Savage, N. Linn, and T. Oakley).
  • 2010-15 U.S. National Science Foundation. Dimensions: Collaborative Research: Can evolutionary history predict how changes in how biodiversity impacts the productivity of ecosystems? $2,089,104 original + supplements (lead PI: B. Cardinale, co-PI's: T. Oakley, C. Delwiche).

  • 2015-17 Named by Clarivate Analytics as a Highly Cited Researcher, ranking among the top 1% of researchers for most cited documents in subject field of Environment/Ecology.
  • 2017 Elected fellow, Ecological Society of America (ESA). ESA fellows are elected by their peers of the society for outstanding advances or applications of ecological knowledge in academics, government, nonprofit organizations, and the private sector.
  • 2015 Sierra Club Burton V. Barnes Award for Excellence in Academia. Awarded annually by the Michigan chapter of the Sierra Club for work leading to protection of Michigan’s environment.
  • 2014 Named by Thompson Reuters as one of The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds – a distinction for researchers who have written the greatest number of papers designated by Essential Science Indicators as Highly Cited Papers from 2002-12 (ranking in the top 1% of citations for subject field of Environment/Ecology).
  • 2013 Elected fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Select publications: 
  1. GNolan M. P., N. D. Jacobson, T. A. McClung, and B. J. Cardinale.  2018.  What Scientific Data Are Being Used to Justify the Listing of Endangered Mammals on the IUCN’s Red List?  Journal of Biodiversity and Endangered Species, IJBES-103 (doe: 10.29011/ IJBES-103.100003).
  2. Cardinale, B. J., A. Gonzalez, G. R. H. Allington, M. Loreau. 2018. Is local biodiversity in decline or not? A summary of the debate over analysis of species richness time trends. Biological Conservation, 219:175-183.
  3. PGodwin, C. M., D. C. Hietala, TA. R. Lashaway, PA. Narwani, P. E. Savage, B. J. Cardinale. 2017. Ecological stoichiometry meets ecological engineering: Using algal polycultures to enhance the multi-functionality of algal biocrude systems. Environmental Science & Technology, 51:11450-11458 (doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02137).
  4. Duffy, J. E., C. M. Godwin, and B. J. Cardinale. 2017. Biodiversity effects in the wild are common and as strong as key drivers of productivity. Nature, 549:261-264.
  5. Hietala, D. C., C. K. Koss, PA. Narwani, TA. R. Lashaway, PC. M. Godwin, B. J. Cardinale, and P. E. Savage. 2017.  Influence of biodiversity, biochemical composition, and species identity on the quality of biomass and biocrude oil produced via hydrothermal liquefaction. Algal Research, 26:203-214.
  6. PNarwani, A., B. Bentlage, M. A. Alexandrou, TK. J. Fritschie, C. Delwiche, T. H. Oakley, and B. J. Cardinale. 2017. Ecological interactions and coexistence are predicted by gene expression similarity in freshwater green algae. Journal of Ecology, 105:580-591 (doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12772).
  7. Hungate, B. A., E. B. Barbier, A. W. Ando, S. P. Marks, P. B. Reich, N. van Gestel, D. G. Tilman, J. M. H. Knops, B. J. Butterfield, and B. J. Cardinale.  2017.  The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage. Science Advances, 3:e1601880.
  8. O'Connor, M. I., A. Gonzalez, J. E. K. Byrnes, B. J. Cardinale, J. E. Duffy, L. Gamfeldt, J. N. Griffin, D. Hooper, B.A. Hungate, A. Paquette, P.L. Thompson, L.E. Dee and K.L. Dolan, 2017. A general biodiversity–function relationship is mediated by trophic level. Oikos, 126:18-31 (doi:10.1111/oik.03652).
  9. PGodwin, C. M., D. C. Hietala, TA. R. Lashaway, PA. Narwani, P. E. Savage, and B. J. Cardinale. 2017. Algal polycultures enhance coproduct recycling from hydrothermal liquifaction. Bioresource Technology, 224:630-638 (doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.11.105).

 Read more publications here.

  • Elected member.  Science Committee of Future Earth (2013‐2016).
  • Elected member. Freshwater Biodiversity Committee of DIVERSITAS ‐ a United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) charged with summarizing biodiversity science to generate international policy recommendations for conservation (2010‐2013).
  • Member. Science Working Group of the Stream Experimental and Observational Network (2010‐2013).