Professor Allan's teaching emphasizes the application of ecological knowledge to species conservation and ecosystem management. Research interests center on the influence of human activities on the condition of rivers and their watersheds, including the effects of land use on stream health, assessment of variation in flow regime, and estimation of nutrient loads and budgets. Additional, collaborative activities are directed at the translation of aquatic science into useful products for management, conservation, and restoration of running waters.
John R. Bassett, professor emeritus of forestry, retired from active faculty status on June 30, 1994, following a distinguished career as an administrator, teacher, and researcher. Professor Bassett earned his AB. degree in 1949, his B.S. degree in 1965, his M.F. degree in 1952, and his Ph.D. degree in 1961, all from the University of Michigan. Following service in the U.S. Navy from 1952-56, he was employed by the U.S. Forest Service from 1956-67.
He joined the University of Michigan as an assistant professor of forestry in 1967; he was promoted to associate professor in 1968 and professor of forestry in 1976. He was director of undergraduate programs from 1980-83 and associate dean for academic affairs from 1983-92.
Bassett's teaching has ranged from general interest courses for non-majors to highly specialized courses. Well over 100 students per semester have enrolled in his class, "Forests for People." At the same time, he has taught courses in biological management, forest biology, and his particular area of interest, silviculture or vegetation management. Professor Bassett's teaching is noteworthy for its combination of science and theory of management with practical application in the field. Students in his classes could count on theory being translated into application by visiting research sites and management units.
Instrumental in establishing the SNRE’s Environmental Justice Program, focusing on the differential impact of environmental contaminants on people of color and low-income communities, Professor Bryant’s research includes both domestic and international foci, particularly on climate justice.
In addition to his 40-year devotion to SNRE, Bryant was a member of the Urban Technological and Environmental Planning Program, and held an adjunct position with the Center of Afro-American and African Studies. Previous to his career at U-M, Bryant served as the program director for the Michigan State Department of Social Welfare, Children’s Division
In 1973, Dr. Bryant did post-doctoral work at the University of Manchester in England in Town and Country Planning. His current research interests include developing case studies on corporate, agency, and community responses to hazardous waste sites. He was co-principal investigator of the University of Michigan 1990 Detroit Area Study on Race and Toxic Waste. A more recent study undertaken with Dr. Elaine Hockman is to determine the proximity of hazardous waste facilities to schools and their impact upon academic achievement.
Jonathan W. Bulkley, Ph.D.,served as the Peter M. Wege Endowed Professor of Sustainable Systems, professor of resources policy in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, and professor of civil and environmental engineering in the College of Engineering. He retired from active faculty status in Summer 2011.
Following two years of active duty in the U.S. Army, he joined the University of Michigan faculty in 1968 as an assistant professor in the SNRE and assistant professor in the College of Engineering. He was promoted to associate professor in 1971 and professor in 1977. From 1991-98, he was director of the National Pollution Prevention Center for Higher Education, located at the University of Michigan, and in 1998 he was appointed co-director of the Center for Sustainable Systems in the SNRE. He held the Peter M. Wege Endowed Professorship in Sustainable Systems from 2000- 11.
John B. Burch, Ph.D., curator of mollusks in the Museum of Zoology and professor of zoology, College of Literature Science and the Arts, and professor of natural resources, retired from active faculty status on December 31, 2001. From 1955-1962, he was a research assistant, then research associate. 1- joined the faculty of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology and Department of Zoology as a curator and assistant professor in 1962. He was promoted to associate professor in 1964 and professor in 1970. He served as the chair of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from 1979-81 and was named professor of natural resources in 1980.
James E. Crowfoot is Professor Emeritus of the U-M Natural Resources & Environment and Urban and Regional Planning Program (1972–1994)— a dual degree program with the U-M A. Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning (Taubman College), and the U-M School for Environment and Sustainability (SNRE). He is also Dean Emeritus of the U-M SNRE (1982–1990), and was President of Antioch College (1994–1996). Prior to retirement, his work focused on processes of organizational and social change related to socio-environmental problems and social justice.
He joined the School for Environment and Sustainability in 1972 as an assistant professor of natural resources and urban and regional planning. He was promoted to associate professor in 1975 and professor in 1981. Professor Crowfoot served as dean of the School for Environment and Sustainability from 1983-90, guiding it through a challenging period of change and reorganization. During that period, he oversaw the design and implementation of major curriculum changes at all degree levels and presided over a budget reduction and downsizing of the school. He also established a new research division and fundraising program.
From 1989 until his retirement, Professor Crowfoot was director of the Pew Scholars Program in Conservation and the Environment. He was also a co-founder and active participant in the Program in Conflict Management Alternatives. In addition, Professor Crowfoot represented the School for Environment and Sustainability on numerous University-wide committees and served in a great many capacities within the school. Professor Crowfoot's teaching and research centered on conflict management in environmental and other social-change organizations; environmental education; and social inequities and justice.
Crowfoot, professor of natural resources and urban and regional planning and former dean, School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on July 31, 1994, following 29 years of distinguished service.
Professor; Director of Michigan Sea Grant
Conservation Ecology, Sustainable Systems
Jim Diana is a Professor of Fisheries and Aquaculture, as well as Director of the Michigan Sea Grant Program, funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. His research focuses on aquatic animals and their interactions with the environment. This is expressed in two major research areas: sustainable aquaculture and its role in feeding the world, and the ecology of natural fish populations, particularly in the Great Lakes region. As aquaculture is the dominant means of producing seafood today, its environmental impacts are important, and we need to understand and remediate them in order to more sustainably produce aquaculture crops. Jim’s research focuses on the interaction between aquaculture practices and environmental impacts and seeks to find solutions for more sustainable production in the future. Secondly, human impacts on natural systems have resulted in dramatic declines in many fish species throughout the world, particularly in the Great Lakes region. His research focus in fish ecology is on the management, restoration, and rehabilitation of wild populations inevitably influenced by human disturbance. Jim’s teaching is in Aquatic Sciences, in particular, courses in Ecology and Biology of Fishes and Sustainable Aquaculture. In addition, he supervises research of a large number of graduate students in Aquatic Sciences.
Gary W. Fowler, Ph.D., the former George Willis Pack Professor of Forestry and professor of biometry in the School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on December 31, 1999.
A native of California, Professor Fowler received his B.S., M.F., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees from the University of California at Berkeley in 1961, 1965, 1967, and 1969, respectively. He joined the School for Environment and Sustainability (SNRE) as an assistant professor in 1969 and was promoted to associate professor in 1972 and professor in 1979. He served as director of Camp Filibert Roth from 1984-86 and as chair of the Resource Ecology and Management Concentration from 1988-91. He was named the George Willis Pack Professor of Forestry in 1989.
Professor Fowler taught courses in natural resource statistics, data analysis, sampling, advanced statistical techniques, nonparametric statistics, and natural resource measurements. He received a University of Michigan Distinguished Teaching Award in 1973 and a SNRE Faculty Recognition Award in 1978. In 1996, he received the Outstanding Faculty Award given by SNRE students. He was a member of over 160 graduate student thesis and dissertation committees and chaired 11 Ph.D. and 42 Master's Degree committees.
Professor Gladwin, a former Max McGraw Professor of Sustainable Enterprise, held a joint appointment with the Ross School of Business. Professor Gladwin's research focused on the intersection of environmentalism and globalism in relation to the behavior of industrial corporations. He has published extensively-more than 125 publications-on the theme that the challenges of environmental sustainability and economic globalization are probably the two most profound forces shaping human destiny. This theme is a vital and challenging one, and one to which Gladwin speaks provocatively. At the core of Gladwin's research is the idea that the reintegration of humanity with nature is necessary if organizational science is to support ecologically and socially sustainable development.
Alvin L. Jensen, Ph.D., associate professor of biometry in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, retired from active faculty status on June 30, 2005, after a most productive career as a teacher and researcher. Professor Jensen joined the University of Michigan faculty as an assistant professor in 1973 and was promoted to an associate professor in 1976.
Among his many contributions to the field are the development of a method for statistical analysis of biological data from pre- to post-operational industrial water quality monitoring and the application of time series analysis and forecasting methods to study several fish species and to validate extensive environmental data sets.
Born in Lansing, Michigan, William Johnson studied landscape architecture at Michigan State University, graduating in 1953. Following his military service, Johnson completed an M.L.A. at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design (GSD). While in Cambridge he worked for Hideo Sasaki and was an instructor at the GSD.
Returning to the Midwest to practice, Johnson formed Johnson, Johnson and Roy (JJR) in 1961, a partnership with his brother Carl and Clarence Roy. A master plan for the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor established the firm’s approach of integrated planning and analysis. The search for fitness, harmony, and community involvement became William Johnson’s core design philosophy and a trademark of JJR’s work.
Throughout his career Johnson blended practice, at JJR (1961-1975) and as William J. Johnson Associates (1980-1992), with his commitment to education. A professor of landscape architecture from 1958, he became Dean of the School of Natural Resources at the University of Michigan (1975-83) and Professor Emeritus in 1988.
Johnson’s practice focused on campus, resort, and community planning and parks and recreation projects. He formed a partnership with Peter Walker in 1992 which led to many national and international commissions. He was named a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects in 1973 and awarded the ASLA Medal in 1986.
Research Scientist Emeritus
David J. Jude, Ph.D., research scientist in the School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on January 18, 2012.
Dr. Jude began his career as a statistician and computer programmer at Michigan State University in 1972. In 1973 he joined the Great Lakes Research Division at the University of Michigan as a research investigator. He was promoted to assistant research scientist in 1976, associate research scientist in 1978, and research scientist in 1984. In 2002 Dr. Jude joined the School for Environment and Sustainability where he continued as a research scientist until his retirement.
Dr. Jude has taught courses on Great Lakes aquatic field methods and Great Lakes aquatic ecosystems. Dr. Jude's outgoing personality and wonderful sense of humor have engaged many students who have passed through his lab and have gone on to have successful careers in fisheries biology.
Rachel Kaplan, Ph.D., Samuel Trask Dana Professor of Environment and Behavior, professor of natural resources, School for Environment and Sustainability, and professor of psychology, College of Literature, Sciences, and the Arts, retired from active faculty status on May 31, 2015. She joined the University of Michigan faculty as a lecturer in the Department of Psychology in 1964, and was promoted to associate professor in 1977, and professor in 1987. In the School for Environment and Sustainability she was appointed associate professor in 1973, professor in 1978, and the Samuel Trask Dana Professor of Environment and Behavior in 2000.
A leader in the field of environmental psychology, Professor Kaplan sought to understand the role the environment plays in helping people become more reasonable, effective, and psychologically healthy. Central to her research program is a conceptual framework, the Reasonable Person Model, that enabled the exploration of issues related to environmental preference, restorative opportunities, and expertise and engagement. Professor Kaplan's more recent work focused on the psychological dimensions of sprawl, the local planning process, the view from the window, and patterns of involvement. Her extensive list of scholarly publications includes The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective (1989), With People in Mind: Design and Management of Everyday Nature (1998), and Fostering Reasonableness: Supportive Environments for Bringing Out Our Best (in press). An outstanding teacher and unflagging mentor, Professor Kaplan taught a wide range of courses, served on 73 doctoral committees and 52 master's committees, and received the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies' Distinguished Faculty Mentoring Award in 2012.
Bobbi S. Low is Professor Emerita in the School for Environment And Sustainability, University of Michigan, and a faculty associate at Institute for Social Research and the Center for Study of Complex Systems. Her research centers on behavioral ecology and life history theory, and how these influence the patterns we see. She specializes in the evolution and behavioral ecology of resource acquisition; resource ecology of mating systems (including human systems); how environmental conditions constrain the evolution of life histories (especially women’s lives); conflicts of interest in conservation and resource management (particularly in common-pool resource regimes); and, as part of an interdisciplinary group, subsistence patterns and inequality cross-culturally. Her approach links empirical data, analysis, and theory. She has chaired or co-chaired over 150 graduate student theses, and has won awards for both undergraduate and doctoral mentorship. Her interdisciplinary interests have led to three books: Why Sex Matters (now in its second edition); Methods and Models in Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation (with Stan Braude); Institutions, Ecosystems, and Sustainability (with Elinor Ostrom, Bob Costanza, and James Wilson); a small monograph (Family Patterns in Nineteenth-Century Sweden, with Alice Clarke and Ken Lockridge); and numerous papers.
Harrison L. Morton, Ph.D., professor of forest pathology, School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on October 31, 2000. He joined the University of Michigan as an assistant professor of forest pathology in 1966 and was promoted to associate professor in 1969 and professor of forest pathology in 1978. Professor Morton served as chair of the forestry department and chair of the fisheries, forestry, and wildlife program. He also served as director, University of Michigan Nichols Arboretum, from 1986-1999, acting dean from 1988-89, associate dean for administration from 1990-92, interim dean 1991-92, and associate dean, School for Environment and Sustainability from 1992-99.
Professor Morton served as director of Nichols Arboretum from 1986-99. In this role, he initiated major programs in support of student research and established a Friends group, a newsletter, and a volunteer docent organization. Through his leadership, funds were raised to move the historic Burnham House to the Arb where it now functions as the Reader Educational Center and home for Arboretum staff. Within the community, Professor Morton instituted Ann Arbor's "tree clinics" and lent his professional expertise to homeowners, UM staff, the Michigan Forestry and Park Association, and the legal profession in the areas of liability and valuation.
Paul F. Nowak, Ph.D., associate professor of natural resources in the School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on May 31, 1999. He was an assistant professor and chair of the Conservation and Outdoor Education Program at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale from 1969-74. He joined the Behavior and Environment Program of the School for Environment and Sustainability as a visiting associate professor in 1974, and was appointed associate professor and director of continuing education in 1979.
Charles E. Olson, Jr., Ph.D., professor of natural resources in the School for Environment and Sustainability, retired from active faculty status on May 31, 1999. From 1953-56, he served in the U.S. Navy as an instructor in photo interpretation, photogrammetry and radar targeting; he remained in the naval reserve until retiring in 1987 with the rank of captain.
From 1956-63, Professor Olson was a faculty member at the University of Illinois. He returned to the University of Michigan in 1964 as a lecturer and research associate with a joint appointment in the School for Environment and Sustainability and the Infrared Physics Laboratory of the University's Willow Run Laboratories. He was promoted to associate professor in 1969 and to professor in 1973.
Professor Olson taught undergraduate and graduate courses in map and image interpretation, remote sensing of environment, and imaging radar. He has also taught courses in digital processing of remote sensor data, applications of geographic information systems, multiple-use forest management, and fire ecology. He has served the School for Environment and Sustainability as director of the Remote Sensing Laboratory since 1970; as graduate chair from 1972-74; and as dean from 1974-75.
Kenneth J. Polakowski, professor of landscape architecture in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, retired from active faculty status on May 31, 1998. He was an associate professor at The Pennsylvania State University from 1957-68, and joined the University of Michigan faculty in 1968 as professor of landscape architecture. Within the School of Natural Resources and Environment, Professor Polakowski led a pioneering effort to develop the first professional master's degree program in landscape architecture. He helped make the Michigan curriculum model the current and dominant international educational approach in this field. His teaching employed an ecological and behavioral approach to public land use planning and design.
Conservation Ecology, Environmental Informatics
Don Scavia, Professor of Environment and Sustainability and Professor of Environmental Engineering, retired from active faculty status at the end of 2017. During his time at U-M, he and students and postdocs developed and applied numerical models and assessments at the science policy interface, focused on the effects of land use and climate change on coastal marine and Great Lakes ecosystems. From 2009-2016, he was the Graham Family Professor of Sustainability, Special Counsel to the U-M President for Sustainability, and the first Director of the Graham Sustainability Institute. He is a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability.
Don served previously as SEAS Research Associate Dean, Director of Michigan Sea Grant, and Director of U-M’s cooperative institute with NOAA. Prior to coming to U-M in 2004, he held positions between 1975 and 2003 as Chief Scientist of NOAA's National Ocean Service, Director of the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, and a research scientist at NOAA’s Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.
Clare L. Schelske, Professor of Natural Resources in the School of Natural Resources, and Associate Professor of Limnology in the College of Engineering, retired from active facutly status as of July 15, 1987. Professor Schelske's career at The University of Michigan began in 1967 when he accepted an appointment as Assistant Professor of Environmental Health in the School of Public Health, with a joint appointment to Assistant Research Limnologist with the Great Lakes Research Division, Institute of Science and Technology. In 1969, he was appointed Associate Research Limnologist, and was promoted to Research Limnologist in 1971. He served as the Great Lakes Research Division's Assistant Director from 1970-72, and Acting Director from 1973-1976. In 1976, Professor Schelske was named Associate Professor of Limnology, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, in the College of Engineering, with a joint appointment to Associate Professor in the School of Natural Resources. In 1986, he was promoted to Professor of Natural Resources.
Paul Webb holds a joint appointment with the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Teaching includes Ecological Issues and mainly independent studies and projects, especially with undergraduates on aquatic restoration. Research includes physiological ecology and functional morphology of aquatic vertebrates, primarily fishes. Research seeks to identify and understand fundamental principles of energetics and form and function, which in turn affect distributions of fishes and their populations and assemblages. These interests are currently focusing on how physical factors shape shorelines and hence shoreline fish communities, affecting management and restoration. Another area of research concerns factors that affect fish assemblages in coastal marshes. Much of these researches are done in collaboration with faculty in the engineering school.
Patrick C. West, Ph.D., associate professor of natural resources and the Samuel T. Dana Associate Professor of Outdoor Recreation in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, will retire from active faculty status on May 31, 2000. He joined the University of Michigan faculty as an assistant professor of outdoor recreation in 1977 and was promoted to associate professor in 1982 and associate professor with tenure in 1983. He was director of Camp Filibert Roth from 1983-84 and was named the Samuel T. Dana Associate Professor of Outdoor Recreation in 1989.
Professor West taught courses in forest recreation resource management, environmental natural resources and behavior, integrated field studies, social impact analysis, applied behavioral and social science, integrative problem solving, and outdoor recreation tourism and ecodevelopment. He was a member of 35 student thesis, practicum or dissertation committees and chaired 14 Ph.D. and 21 Master's committees. He received a Certificate of Appreciation from the University of Michigan Council on Disability Concerns in 1993.
Professor Wiley's teaching involves various aspects of aquatic ecology. Research interests include ecology of rivers and lakes, watershed management, community dynamics and population regulation, trout stream food webs, behavioral adaptations of aquatic insects, fish-invertebrate interactions, and fisheries management in North America and SE Asia.
John A. Witter, Ph.D., professor of forestry in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, retired from active faculty status on February 28, 2011. He joined the University of Michigan faculty as an assistant professor of forestry in 1972, and was promoted to associate professor in 1976 and professor in 1984. From 2000-2010 he held the George Willis Pack Professorship in Forest Entomology.
Professor Witter is an outstanding teacher and mentor who is known for his great enthusiasm, rapport with students, and ability to make learning fun. In his lengthy career, he taught more than 3,000 undergraduate students in field-oriented courses, such as biology and management of insects, applied ecology, and integrative field studies. He also played a central role in advising graduate students, having chaired and served on numerous doctoral and master's degree thesis committees.