Pamela Jagger

Associate Professor


Ph.D. Public Policy, Indiana University
M.Sc. Forest Economics, University of Alberta
B.A. Economics, University of Alberta

(734) 615-0148


Pam Jagger is a global leader in interdisciplinary population and environment research. She is an applied political economist whose research focuses on the dynamics of poverty and environment interactions in low-income countries. She leads the interdisciplinary Forest Use, Energy, and Livelihoods (FUEL) Lab, and is the Director of the National Science Foundation funded Energy Poverty PIRE in Southern Africa (EPPSA), a 5-year collaborative program to support research and training on the topic of energy access in Southern Africa. FUEL Lab research is currently organized around three themes: environment and livelihoods, environmental governance, and energy poverty. The first theme focuses on quantifying the role of forests and the other environmental resources in household consumption and income generation, and understanding how contributions change in response to land use land cover change, implementation of conservation and development projects, and population dynamics. The second theme examines the livelihood impacts of changes in environmental governance and institutions on access to environmental goods and services. The third theme examines household energy access including understanding the effectiveness of interventions designed to mitigate energy poverty and improve access to electricity and cleaner cooking and novel research questions related to the effects of land cover and land use change on energy access and human health. Dr. Jagger has worked as a policy research scholar with the World Bank, Resources for the Future, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and the Center for International Forestry Research. 



2018 Co-Investigator, National Geographic Society (NGS), Sustainable Cities Program, Searching for Clean Air and Sustainable Energy Transitions in Yangon, Myanmar ($83,520 USD)

2017 PI and PIRE Director, National Science Foundation (NSF), Partnerships in International Research and Education (PIRE), PIRE: Confronting Energy Poverty: Building an Interdisciplinary Evidence Base, Network, and Capacity for Transformative Change ($4,790,000 USD)

2017 PI, National Instituted of Health (NIH), Clean Cooking Implementation Science Network, Fogarty International Center (FIC), Inyenyeri Rwanda Household Energy System Case Study ($20,000 USD)

2016 PI, National Science Foundation (NSF), Dynamics of Coupled Natural Human Systems Program, CNH-L: Energy Transitions and Environmental Change in East and Southern Africa's Coupled Human, Terrestrial, and Atmospheric Systems ($1,599,883 USD)


UJMT Fogarty Global Health Fellowship, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Tuberculosis and household air pollution from woody biomass use in Malawi: A Case-Control Study (2014)

PI, National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), K01 Mentored Research Scientist Development Award Population, Environment and Health Dynamics of Biomass Fuel Use in Sub-Saharan Africa (2012)

National Science Foundation, Political Science Young Scholar’s Award (2012)

Select publications: 

Environment and Livelihoods

Sills, E.O., C. de Sassi, P.Jagger, K. Lawlor, D. Miteva, S.K. Pattanayak and W.D. Sunderlin. 2017. Building the Evidence Base for REDD+: Evaluating the Impacts of Conservation Interventions on Human Welfare. Global Environmental Change. 43:148-160.  

Angelsen, A., P. Jagger, R. Babigumira, B. Belcher, N. Hogarth, S. Bauch, J. Borner, C. Smith-Olsen and S. Wunder. 2014. Environmental Income and Rural Livelihoods: A Global Comparative Analysis. World Development 64(Supplement 1): S12-S28.

Caplow, S., P. Jagger, K. Lawlor and E. Sills. 2011. Evaluating the Land Use and Livelihood Outcomes of Early Forest Carbon Projects: Lessons for REDD+. Environmental Science and Policy 14(2): 152-167.   

Khundi,F.§, P. Jagger, D. Sserunkuuma and G. Shively. 2011. Income and Poverty Effects of Charcoal Production in Western Uganda. Forest Policy and Economics 13: 199-205   


Environmental Governance

Jagger, P., S. Sellers, N. Kittner, I. Das, and G. Bush.  2018. Medium-Term Impacts of Community Management Agreements in Uganda’s Rwenzori Mountains National Park. Ecological Economics. 152: 199-206.

Galik, C. and P. Jagger. 2015. Bundles, Duties and Rights: A Revised Framework for Analysis of Natural Resource Property Rights Regimes. Land Economics 91(1):76-90.   

Jagger, P. and G. Shively.  2015. Taxes and Bribes in Uganda. Journal of Development Studies 51(1): 66-79.  

Jagger, P., M.K. Luckert, A. Duchelle, J.F. Lund and W.D. Sunderlin. 2014. Tenure and Forest Income: Observations from a Global Study on Forests and Poverty. World Development 64(Supplement 1): S43-S55.

Energy Poverty

Das, I., J. Pedit, S. Handa, and P. Jagger. 2018. Household Air Pollution, Microenvironment and Child Health: Strategies for Mitigating HAP Exposure in Urban Rwanda. Environmental Research Letters. 13: 145011.  

Jagger, P., J. Pedit, A. Bittner, L. Hamrickǂ, T. Phwandaphwanda§, and Charles Jumbe. 2017. Fuel Efficiency and Emissions of Wood-Burning Improved Cookstoves in Malawi: Implications for Scaling-up Cookstove Programs. Energy for Sustainable Development, 41:112-120.    

Jagger, P. and C. Perez-Heydrich. 2016. Land Use and Biomass Fuel Dynamics in Malawi. Environmental Research Letters. 11: 1-14.

Jagger, P. and G. Shively. 2014. Land Use Change, Fuel Use and Respiratory Health in Uganda. Energy Policy 67: 713-726.


Research Associate Professor, Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Environment for Development Initiative, Gottenberg University

Sustainable Energy Transitions Initiative, Duke University 


Associate Editor, Environment and Development Economics (2018 – present)

Editorial Advisory Board, World Development (2014 – present)

Review Editor Board, EcoHealth (2018 – present)

Associate Editor, BMC Public Health, Health policies, systems and management in low and middle-income countries section (2017 – present)

Guest Editor, Environmental Research Letters, Focus Collection, Environmental Implications of

Household Energy Transitions in the Global South (with Rob Bailis and Subhrendu Pattanayak) (2016-2019) 

Clean Cooking Implementation Science Network (NIH, USAID, CDC and Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves) (2017 – present)

Elected Member, ISO Technical Working Group 4 on Social Impacts of Clean Cookstoves (2014 - present)